How Recycling Is Helpful To Environment & Industrial World

Helps in protecting the environment

RecyclingRecycling helps in the protection of the environment by reducing the waste that gets deposited in the landfills or burned in incinerator plants. It also helps in mitigating global warming by saving the energy in industrial production and helps in controlling air pollution and greenhouse gas that destroys the ozone layer. There are few measures through which environment is protected.

  • By mitigating global warming and reducing air pollution

By saving of energy through recycling in the industrial production, the use of fuels that emits harmful gases during production is minimized and the greenhouse gas emissions through factories and industrial plants are also lessened. Rather than burning the bio-degradable waste, recycling them contributes a lot of help in controlling the air pollution and greenhouse gases that depletes the ozone layer.

  • By reducing the waste products in landfills

By recycling the landfills which are mainly composed of non-biodegradable waste that takes long time to decompose lessens the waste materials that are placed into landfills making the most out of these materials. By not recycling the waste more and more garbage will fill up in the landfills which in turn pollute the environment. Engineered landfills in most cities are designed to contain toxic chemicals leaking from decaying solid waste from reaching our water systems.

Helps in saving energy and promotes efficiency

RecyclingRecycling is far more efficient and takes less energy, in terms of energy consumption to process recycled materials than to process virgin materials or something out of fresh raw materials. Done on a nationwide scale, this could lead to significant reduction in our energy costs. Saving energy also has its own benefits like decreasing pollution. This creates less stress on own health and our economy.

Helps in Building a Stronger Economy

Conservation of materials, cost-reduction, energy efficiency and job generation benefit of recycling adds up to help build a strong economy for our country. Jobs are being generated in the cities and towns and the government is enjoying huge savings in landfilling costs, garbage collection and electricity.

Helps in employment generation, economic development & tax revenue

Battery RecyclingRecycling creates mew business that process, haul and broker recovered materials, as well as companies that manufacture and distribute products made with these recycled materials. Recycling generates more jobs than landfilling or incinerating waste. Recycling creates 1.1 million U.S. jobs, $236 billion in gross annual sales and $37 billion in annual payrolls. Public sector investment in local recycling programs pays great dividends by creating private sector jobs. For every job collecting recyclables, there are 26 jobs in processing the materials and manufacturing them into new products. Recycling creates four jobs for every one job created in the waste management and disposal industries.

That’s a benefit we can’t lose sight of, in this time of recession and high unemployment rate. Unlike the waste management industry, recycling adds value to materials, contributing to a growing labor force including materials sorters, dispatchers, truck drivers, brokers, sales representatives, process engineers, and chemists. These jobs also generally pay above the average national wage, and many are in inner city urban areas where job creation is vital. The recycling and reuse industry generates billions in federal, state, and local tax revenues.

 Financially Rewarding

In today’s world, recycling is not only about being “green” and focusing on sustainability and environmental issues; it is also about increasing revenue while reducing costs through a professional recycling and waste-reduction program. The benefits of recycling to each of us, to society, and to the environment are our compelling reasons why we recycle. For many of us, recycling has become second nature – a way of life. It’s a small but extremely vital component of environmental protection – without recycling, all our efforts to protect the planet will be less effective, even futile. Let’s all continue recycling.

Helps in saving money

As the population of the world increases recycling is becoming increasingly more important. Our technologically advanced societies are creating more and products and packaging that look good and are indestructible, but can take centuries to break down.

In order to combat the rise of factors that are produced by non-environmentally conscious groups, it is up to the growing numbers of individuals and companies that want to inhabit a healthier planet to make a difference. Thousands of U.S. companies have saved millions of dollars through their voluntary recycling programs. They wouldn’t recycle if it didn’t make economic sense.

New norms for Lead Acid Battery Recycling

The Kerala State Pollution Control Board (PCB) is in the process of bringing dealers of Lead acid batteries under the newly introduced provisions of battery management. Accordingly, the dealers will have to get registered with the PCB.

Lead Battery Recycling NormsThe Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001, which had been in force, stipulated those dealers and other agencies handling lead acid batteries should file half-yearly returns on the number of batteries being handled. The rules were intended to ensure that the chemicals used in batteries are not handled unscientifically. There is a potential threat of polluting the environment due to improper handling or spilling of acid and other chemicals used in the battery. The new measure to get dealers registered with the PCB has been introduced as the direction on filing of half-yearly returns was not effective, a senior official of the PCB told The Hindu. The board had already asked 35 dealers to register with the board as per rules.

The initiative is to ensure accountability among dealers. Old batteries have to be disposed of scientifically or recycled in accordance with established norms to ensure that no pollution of environment takes place in the process. There are two battery recycling units in Kerala (in Palakkad and Pathanamthitta) which have been registered with the PCB.

While established companies have a mechanism to track down the batteries in use and recycling of them, there are local manufacturers who have inadequate set-up to handle hazardous chemicals or insufficient awareness, ultimately contributing to environmental degradation. The used battery would have to be neutralized under technical supervision.

Under the Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001, it is mandatory for manufacturers, assemblers, re-conditioners, importers and dealers to comply with the statutory requirements to ensure that used batteries were collected back against new batteries sold. The manufacturers, assemblers and re-conditioners were to file half-yearly returns of their sales and buy-back to the PCB concerned.

The rules also stipulated that collection centers be set up either individually or jointly at various places for collection of used batteries from consumers or dealers. The used batteries collected are to be sold only to the registered recyclers.

Source: The Hindu

Booming Lead Industry

In present day world Lead is one of the most used commodities. Occurring naturally in the environment, it is processed in around 60 countries. The increasing usage of lead has risen from 4 million tons per year and this, nearly 2 million tons per year is produced in Asia. Recycling or can be called as secondary production is widely practiced in today’s world and it accounts to nearly 50 percent of usage worldwide.

Remelted Lead For Recycling

Remelted Lead

The key features of lead such its malleability, electrical conductivity, lubricity, flexibility makes it useful in the lead industry and last but not the least it is the most abundant metal in the world which makes its usage more in the industrial world in comparison to other metals. India stands at 6th place in world mine production of lead in concentrate with 77,500 metric tons of production of lead. The total global consumption of lead in 2003 was estimated to be 15.1 billion pounds.

Lead ingots, Pure Lead

Lead Ingots

APPLICATIONS OF LEAD

  • Automobile Industry  : One of the most common uses of lead is in the automobile industry in the manufacture of lead acid storage batteries which is a vital part in automobile and communication industry.
  • Bullets and Shots :  Another common use of lead is in bullets and shots. There are calls to remove lead from bullets and shot, especially for hunting, but it has been difficult to find a suitable material.
  • Electronics : Lead is used as solder for electronics, but for safety reasons attempts are being made to replace lead solder with bismuth. It is also used in high voltage power lines.
  • Construction Purposes : It is commonly used in construction for roofing materials. It can also be used to create statues and sculptures.
  • Used as Radiation shield : Lead is used as a radiation shield in many different applications. For example, aprons containing lead are used to shield certain parts of patients during x-rays. Molten lead is even used to cool certain types of nuclear reactors.
  • Marine Uses : Lead is used to add weight to the keel of sailboats and to diver’s belts. Lead is also the most common material used in fishing sinkers.

There can be no intelligent control of the lead danger in industry unless it is based on the principle of keeping the air clear from dust and fumes.

The supply of lead comes mainly from mine production but recycling of lead scrap amounts a large production share in metal. 90 percent of lead scrap comes from battery industry. A sudden growth in the automobile sector and boom in information technology has resulted in continuous increasing demand for batteries which mainly uses lead as its core product. Approx. 3 million tons of lead is recycled annually in which large amount of scrap comes from waste batteries.

Lead Scrap

Lead Scrap

The supply of lead is majorly based on mine production and recycling which accounts to large supply of lead. Lead is found all over the world but the largest mining countries are Australia, China and the United States, which between them account for more than 50 percent of primary production. Around 3 million tons of lead is produced from secondary sources each year, by recycling scarp lead products.

Globally, secondary lead production is rising in countries like Australia, European Union, US and Japan but our country lacks technology and policy to promote secondary lead production which effects in the domestic supply and imbalance in the export and import. Roughly half of lead comes from the recycled lead. Demand for lead acid batteries for automotive, industrial and consumer purposes accounts for about 70 percent of world’s demand for lead. While lead is constantly meeting this market challenge, it is also proving its sustainable development credentials. Few materials are so efficiently utilized. Lead is used by all industrialized nations. The USA is by far the biggest consumer, with some countries in Asia and Europe. The US is the largest producer of primary lead. Most of the lead comes from secondary sources and most secondary lead is used in batteries. India’s lead market was estimated 1.5 lakh tons by 2004 which was surged to 3.5 lakh tons by 2007 because of wide growth in industrial consumption mainly from battery sector.